In Fiscal Year 2015, the latest year for which data are available, about 3.2 million individuals participated in SNAP Employment and Training (E&T). Although each state is required to operate SNAP E&T, they have a great deal of flexibility in designing and implementing their programs. The resources below offer methods that state policymakers and practitioners can consider when designing SNAP E&T programs that may help participants gain stable employment and become self-sufficient.

Skills-Based SNAP Employment and Training Policy Toolkit. 2016. This toolkit provides recommendations and resources to help state-level administrators, policymakers, and organizations promote and advocate for skills-based SNAP E&T programs.  SNAP E& T programs focus on improving career pathways for people with employment barriers through education, occupational skills training, and support services.

Replicating Success: Recommendations and Best Practices from Washington State’s SNAP E&T Program (BFET). 2014. This brief summarizes best practices for states interested in developing robust SNAP E&T programs based on findings from Washington’s SNAP E&T program. For instance, the brief recommends that community colleges and community-based organizations collaborate to strengthen service delivery for SNAP E&T participants.  

Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program Employment and Training: Moving Low-Skill SNAP Recipients Toward Self-Sufficiency. 2012. This guide helps workforce organizations understand SNAP E&T, and highlights issues to consider when designing or implementing a SNAP E&T component as part of a program of services. “The goal of this publication is to help ensure that SNAP participants have access to high-quality employment and training services that help them gain the necessary skills to obtain stable, family-supporting employment.”