As the American Job Center system adapts to the demand in services for disadvantaged job seekers, workforce development professionals need proven approaches for effective service delivery and program design. This Workforce System Strategies announcement offers evidence on interventions designed to meet current needs. Read on for more evidence that you can use in your employment and training programs!
Synthesis of Results of 12 Evaluations of Subsidized Employment Programs
This report summarizes findings of program impact from 12 random assignment studies of subsidized employment programs. Each of the programs employed distinct models, but they can be broadly characterized as traditional transitional jobs models, wage-subsidy models, or hybrid models. Participants in nearly all the evaluated programs had improved employment and earnings in the first year after the study. Earnings impacts continued through the second year for nearly half of the programs and beyond the second year for nearly one-third of the programs. Programs using a transitional jobs model had the most positive impacts on employment and earnings through the first two years of the study. Disadvantaged job seekers, such as those with barriers to employment or less recent work experience, experienced the greatest program benefits.
Results of a Demonstration of Two Subsidized Employment Models
This final implementation and impact report describes the results of a random assignment evaluation of a subsidized and transitional employment demonstration for individuals receiving Temporary Assistance for Needy Families. The demonstration examined the effects of two models that subsidized participant wages for up to six months: the public sector paid work experience (PWE) and the private sector on-the-job training (OJT) that subsidized wages for a two-month trial period and an additional four-month extension for employees added to the payroll. Both models increased employment and earnings in the first year. The PWE cohort had better employment outcomes 30 months after study enrollment than the control group, with the strongest employment gains among participants with little work experience in the year preceding the study. The OJT cohort did not have significantly different employment outcomes compared to the control group.
Using Brain Science to Transform Human Services and Increase Personal Mobility from Poverty
This report draws upon research in brain science to understand how the stress of poverty can shape brain-based skills and behavior and how human service interventions can address associated challenges. Three levels of program interventions to transform service delivery are presented culminating in the level three coach-navigator approach. By scaling the coach-navigator interventions, educating service providers on how poverty affects human development, and expanding centers of excellence, workforce practitioners can improve job seekers’ ability to transition out of poverty.