National Emergency Grants are provided in response to economic shocks such as mass layoffs, natural disasters or base realignment and closures, and temporarily increase the capacity of state or local areas to provide workforce development services.
“Authorized by Section 173 of the Workforce Investment Act (WIA), as amended, the Secretary of Labor may award National Emergency Grants (NEGs) to states or local areas that require supplemental resources for workforce development, employment services, or other adjustment assistance, usually in response to an event such as a firm closing, mass layoff, or natural disaster. These funds are intended to temporarily increase the capacity of states or localities to provide services in response to an unanticipated increase in demand for those services. Applications for new grants or supplemental funds are to be submitted as the events occur and as the need for these funds arises. The U.S. Department of Labor (DOL) has also awarded several NEGs to communities with large military populations; these NEGs initially were designed to provide services as a result of anticipated downsizing of the Department of Defense (DoD) starting in the mid-1990s. In this report, we provide an evaluation of those grants, starting in 2001" (p.xi). (Abstractor: Author)