Examined services and outcomes at five school districts who had received DOL funding to improve services to youth who are involved, have been involved or are at risk of involvement with gangs or the juvenile justice system.

"In 2007, the U.S. Department of Labor (DOL) provided funding in the form of the School District Grant to five school districts so that the districts could improve services to youth who are involved, have been involved, or are at risk of involvement with gangs or the juvenile justice system. The grantees used the funding to develop a variety of educational, employment, and violence-prevention programs and strategies designed to increase academic performance, lower the number of dropouts, and reduce youth involvement in crime and gangs. This Final Report on School-District-Based Strategies for Reducing Youth Involvement in Gangs and Violent Crime summarizes findings from a three-year evaluation that included three rounds of site visits to each of the five grantees between spring 2008 and winter 2010" (p.ES1).

Programs spent between $2,528 and $7,067 of ETA grant funding per participant (p.III-29). (Abstractor: Author)

Full publication title: Evaluation of School District-Based Strategies for Reducing Youth Involvement in Gangs and Violent Crime


Major Findings & Recommendations

"Outcomes data for reading and math gains among grantees that reported this data show that approximately 40 percent of youth achieved increases of two grade levels in each subject." "Youth offenders—both in-school and out-of-school youth—showed noticeably lower gains in reading and math skills, suggesting that intensive, targeted support in basic skills remediation for these groups is vital." "Educational outcomes in other areas were very modest." "Workforce outcomes were modest because most of the youth who were served by this grant are not yet old enough to graduate. However, about 22 percent of out-of-school youth were placed in unsubsidized employment. Because two grantees have not submitted outcomes data, this finding is preliminary." "Out of the 615 youth offenders who enrolled in the grant-funded activities, approximately 12 percent recidivated" (p. ES7). (Abstractor: Author)