Jobs-Plus, an ambitious employment program inside some of the nation’s poorest inner-city public housing developments, markedly increased the earnings of residents in the sites where it was implemented well.

"The Jobs-Plus Community Revitalization Initiative for Public Housing Families (Jobs-Plus, for short) operated as a special demonstration project in selected housing developments in six U.S. cities, Jobs-Plus was sponsored by a consortium of public and private funders led by the U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development and the Rockefeller Foundation. This final report on the initiative assesses the program’s success in achieving key outcomes for residents and their housing developments. It analyzes the program’s effects —or “impacts” — on residents’ employment rates, average earnings, and welfare receipt by comparing the outcomes for residents of the Jobs-Plus developments with the outcomes for their counterparts in similar “comparison” developments that did not implement the program. (Because housing developments were allocated randomly to the Jobs-Plus or comparison group, their outcomes provide an especially rigorous basis for estimating program impacts.) The report also examines changes in social and material conditions at the developments" (p. ES-1).

Program costs were $150 "per targeted resident in any given month. If all else were equal, this would imply that a housing authority with, say, 250 eligible, working-age residents may need an annual budget in the vicinity of $450,000 per year to provide the on-site services and rent incentives although this may represent a high-end estimate. Note that about 35 percent ($158,000) of the estimated annual budget would be spent on rent incentives, while about 65 percent ($292,000) would be required for all other budgeted expenditures associated with the program" (p. 164). (Abstractor: Author and Website Staff)