Examines how employment rates for older (55+) WIA Adult and Dislocated Workers are affected by labor market trends, WIA services and job training, and other participant demographic characteristics.

"This paper empirically examines factors affecting older workers' Entered Employment Rate using panel data models and identifies relevant policy implications. It starts with the background of an aging workforce and the current economic recession that makes training older workers critical. After reviewing literature on older workers' attributes and the uniqueness of older worker training, the paper tests two hypotheses: (1) some Workforce Investment Act (WIA) training and related service combinations can be identified to inform strategic decision-making about future allocations of WIA funds to serve older workers; and (2) WIA program success with older workers is sensitive to cyclical changes in labor market conditions” (Abstract). (Abstractor: Author)

Full publication title: Workforce Investment Act for Older Workers: Toward a Better Understanding of Older Worker Needs During the Economic Recovery


Major Findings & Recommendations

- "The common factors that are associated with a higher EER include having a college degree or finished full-time technical or vocational school education, attained education with occupational skills and credentials, receiving Supportive Services (except needs-related payments), receiving On-the-Job Training, and training for Service Workers as occupations" (p.26). - "The common factors that are associated with a lower EER include an older age and a longer training length" (p.26). - "While Core Self-Services and Information Activities, Skill Upgrading & Retraining and Customized Training have significant and positive effect for older dislocated workers’ EER, those services and types of training do not show statistical significance for older adults’ EER" (p.27). - "Similarly, older adults’ limited prior attachment to the labor market makes the minimal level of training, such as self-services and informational activities, not sufficiently helpful" (p.27). - "WIA program success with older dislocated workers is sensitive to cyclical changes in labor market conditions" (p.27). - "Low income older workers, particularly low income older adults, deserve more policy attention to enhance their EER" (p.27). - "For older adult workers, special focus can also be placed on certain minority groups, including non- Hispanic Blacks, non-Hispanic Asians, Native Hawaiian or Pacific Islander (not Hispanic), American Indian or Alaska Native, and those with non-Hispanic mixed races" (p.27). - "Among the services and related assistance, keeping and expanding Supportive Services (except needs-related payments) would help to stabilize and strengthening EER for older workers" (p.28). - "Better monitoring training length would be helpful to enhance the cost effectiveness of WIA training programs" (p.28). (Abstractor: Author)