A randomized control evaluation of the Portland Welfare-to-Work program that assigned many people to short-term education, vocational training, work experience, and life skills training to improve their employability.

"An evaluation of mandatory welfare-to-work programs in seven sites called the National Evaluation of Welfare-to-Work Strategies (NEWWS Evaluation), conducted by the Manpower Demonstration Research Corporation (MDRC) under contract to the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services, with support from the U.S. Department of Education. The report examines the mandatory welfare-to-work program run in Portland. Through the program, Portland provided employment and support services to a broad cross section of the Aid to Families with Dependent Children (AFDC) caseload, including parents with children as young as one year old. These people were required to participate in program activities or face reductions in their welfare grants. Although the program studied was designed and implemented prior to the 1996 reform, its overarching goal was similar to that of the new law: to foster the self-sufficiency of adult recipients through increased employment and decreased welfare receipt.  This report describes the implementation, participation patterns, and cost of the Portland program, and presents estimates of the effects of the program on employment, earnings, and welfare receipt during the two years following people’s entry into the program." (p. ES-1-2) (Abstractor: Author and Website Staff)

Program cost and cost per participant are discussed in detail (p. 65-84)

Full Publication Title: National Evaluation of Welfare-to-Work Strategies: Implementation, Participation Patterns, Costs, and Two-Year Impacts of the Portland (Oregon) Welfare-to-Work Program