Several federal agencies united in a common effort to fund, support and analyze demonstration sites that fully implemented and sustained core components of the Jobs-Plus program, designed to help public housing residents get and keep good jobs.
A collaborative effort of U.S. Department of Housing and Urban Development (HUD), The U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration (ETA), U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS). "The Jobs-Plus demonstration involved a multidimensional approach to helping public housing residents work and earn more money. With a message that employment should be a common aspect of life in public housing, Jobs-Plus programs were aimed at all working-age, nondisabled residents of the housing developments where the programs operated. Jobs-Plus programs combined three core elements: 1. Employment related services, 2. Financial incentives to work 3. Community support for work.... While housing authorities were central to the design and management of Jobs-Plus, the program was not exclusively a housing-authority effort.... Each individual program in the demonstration was managed by a local partnership that involved the public housing authority, the local welfare and Workforce Investment Act (WIA) agencies, residents, and, in some cases, other service or education agencies in the community." (Abstractor: Author)
The annual cost of operating the on-site features of a Jobs-Plus program (services, rent incentives, and community support for work) is in the range of $1,800 per person. (p. 5)
Major Findings & Recommendations
"Substaintial earnings gained in different cities and regions demonstrate that the Jobs-Plus model can travel well and work effectively in different housing and labor markets" (p.5 ).
"The effects of Jobs-Plus were widespread across different types of public housing residents. For example, Latino men and Southeast Asians (many of whom were immigrants) and African-American single mothers all earned more with Jobs-Plus than they would have earned without the program" (p.5).
"Changes in public housing rent rules that helped make work “pay” by reducing the extent to which increases in earnings were offset by increased rents. Most common and easiest for housing authorities to administer were flat rents, which allow residents to increase their earned income without worrying that their rent would go up" (p.2 ).
"The 'social capital' part of Jobs-Plus aimed to take advantage of the program operating in a defined place, by tapping into residents’ social networks to promote circulation of information about employment and to encourage support for work within the housing development" (p. 3). (Abstractor: Author and Website Staff)