Presents nonexperimental net impact estimates for the Adult and Dislocated Worker programs under the Workforce Investment Act (WIA) with a specific interest in the difference in average quarterly earnings or employment attributable to WIA program participation for those who participate.

"This paper presents nonexperimental net impact estimates for the Adult and Dislocated Worker programs under the Workforce Investment Act (WIA), the primary federal job training program in the U.S. The key measure of interest is the difference in average quarterly earnings or employment attributable to WIA program participation for those who participate, estimated for up to four years following entry into the program. The WIA program offers three levels of service, Core services, including job search and placement assistance, and labor market information; Intensive services, including assessments, counseling, and career planning; and Training services, including occupational and basic skills training." (p.1) (Abstractor: Author)

Full publication title: New Estimates of Public Employment and Training Program Net Impacts: A Nonexperimental Evaluation of the Workforce Investment Act Program


Major Findings & Recommendations

- “The results for the average participant in the WIA Adult program (regardless of services received) show that participating is associated with a several-hundred-dollar increase in quarterly earnings. - “The analysis of participants who receive only Core or Intensive services suggests that their benefits may be as great as $100 or $200 per quarter over the period of study, which is substantial compared to the small costs of those services. - “Adult program participants who obtain Training services have lower initial earnings than those who don’t receive Training services, but they catch up within 10 quarters, ultimately registering large total gains per quarter. The marginal benefits of training may exceed $400 in earnings each quarter three years after program entry.” (p.2) - “Following entry into WIA, Dislocated Workers experience several quarters for which earnings are depressed relative to comparison group workers with the same characteristics and work histories. As a group, their earnings ultimately overtake the comparison group, although the analyses suggest that the benefits they obtain are smaller than for those in the Adult program. The return they experience from training also appears to be appreciably smaller than that obtained by Adult program participants. - “Women are estimated to obtain greater benefits for participation in both the Adult and Dislocated Worker programs, with the quarterly earnings increment exceeding that of males. The value of training appears to be greater for females as well, especially over the long run.” (p.3) (Abstractor: Author)