Analyzes the demographic composition and labor market history of the long-term unemployed and how they compare with other types of workers — the newly unemployed, discouraged workers, and currently employed workers.

The authors identified the basic trends in long-term unemployment and summarized the following characteristics of the long-term unemployed:

• Demographic background, including level of education, age, race, family type, gender, health limitations, and poverty status

• Previous industries of occupation

• Geographic distribution

The authors also summarized how the characteristics of long-term unemployed changed during the Great Recession. (Abstractor: Author and Website Staff)

Major Findings & Recommendations

“Relative to currently employed workers, those who have been out of work for more than 26 weeks (the long-term unemployed) tend to be less educated and are more likely to be nonwhite, unmarried, disabled, impoverished, and to have worked previously in the construction industry.... However, the long-term unemployed have much more in common with workers who are newly unemployed and workers who have become discouraged and dropped out of the labor force. This suggests that solutions to long-term unemployment may be effective for other workers who have experienced other forms of labor market distress” (p. 1). (Abstractor: Author)