Examines the work of personal assistance services and their effect on workers with disabilities.
“The focus of this research was to understand difficult and complex issues surrounding work-related PAS. Changes in attitude and legislation during the past six decades have played a significant role in the lives of persons with disabilities. Historically, PAS have focused on Activities of Daily Living (ADL) (e.g., feeding, bathing) and Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADL) (e.g., laundry, meal preparation). The Independent Living model views PAS as a civil rights accommodation (DeJong, Batavia, & McKnew, 1992). People who managed personal assistants in their home environment came to realize that similar supports or assistance were required at the workplace if they wanted to find and maintain employment. Even with a tremendous array of assistive technology now available, some individuals with who want to work will still require skills and abilities of another person.” (p. 1). (Abstractor: Author).

Major Findings & Recommendations

“The results presented here represent the perspectives that emerged from the Focus Group sessions. The Focus Group participants were representative of typical Job Accommodation Network cases. The two largest industry groups represented were government and service industries, with 70% of them having more than 1,000 employees. The project staff was impressed by the dedication and high level of interest demonstrated by the participating employers in the provision of PAS at the workplace. The Focus Groups research led to identification of four major themes. Results from the Focus Groups are presented for each of the themes: (1) Definition of personal assistance services (PAS) for people with severe disabilities who want to work; (2) Fiscal responsibility for the provision of PAS at the workplace; (3) Recruitment and management of personal assistants; (4) Major barriers to the provision of PAS” (p.1). (Abstractor: Author)