Discusses the costs and social return on investment of social enterprises - defined as financially viable businesses that put social objectives at the forefront of operations - that provide transitional jobs to individuals with barriers to employment.

“Social enterprises have emerged as an alternative workforce development model, designed to help individuals with severe barriers while also building financially viable businesses” (p.15).

“This study examines outcomes following employment in social enterprises with a social mission to provide employment and build skills for individuals with employment barriers. Its results provide an assessment of whether social enterprises might be an efficient way to improve the employability and lives of individuals with some of the most severe barriers to employment” (p.1).

“In addition to the social mission of increasing employment and economic self-sufficiency of individuals with severe employment barriers, all social enterprises in this study had a business mission to generate revenues in the market, cover operating costs, and partially offset the additional costs associated with their social mission…. The seven social enterprises in this study were purposefully selected by a venture philanthropic organization through a competitive process to receive financial and technical assistance to start or run revenue-generating businesses in California that hired people with severe employment barriers” (p.2).

(Abstractor: Author)