This report “provides a selective review of public workforce development programs in the United States over the past 80 years. The report places special emphasis on the importance these programs have to older Americans. It discusses how the public workforce system developed, how it operates today, significant programs and target groups, common employment services and job training strategies, and what is known about program effectiveness. In some instances, the report speculates on how the Workforce Innovation and Opportunity Act of 2014 (WIOA) might influence such programs.
Particular attention is given to services benefitting dislocated workers (i.e., experienced adults permanently separated from their prior employers). The report includes evidence on the services found to work best and suggests policies and additional research to improve the public workforce system—especially for older workers” (p.1).(Abstractor: Author and Website Staff)