Reviews existing literature to examine the ability of market-driven sectoral initiatives to improve employment outcomes for youth that are neither in school nor working.

“The purpose of this paper is to analyze the extent to which sectoral initiatives, which operate on the demand side of the labor market, can play a role in facilitating pathways for OY [opportunity youth] into productive careers” (p.1). The author defines OY as youth between the ages of 16 and 24 that do not have a postsecondary degree and are neither working nor in school. This report reviews the literature focused on workforce development programs that aim to improve employment outcomes for OY. Programs discussed in this report include sectoral initiatives, publicly funded programs with employer engagement components, and programs in the international context. In addition to literature findings, the author provides policy recommendations for sectoral initiatives.

(Abstractor: Author and Website Staff)