The Worker Profiling and Reemployment Services System: Legislation, Implementation Process and…
Author(s): Individual author not identified.
Organizational Author(s): Unemployment Insurance Service
U.S. Department of Labor, Employment and Training Administration
Resource Availability: Publicly available
Presents a compilation of resources related to Worker Profiling and Reemployment Services (WPRS) Systems, which are designed to speed dislocated workers’ return to employment, including research findings, legislation, legislative interpretation, Unemployment Insurance (UI) program letters, field memoranda, and Unemployment Insurance Services (UIS) information bulletins pertinent to WPRS.
“This paper contains: Federal legislative language on [worker] profiling; a variety of public releases by the U.S. Department of Labor to interpret the legislation, support and provide technical assistance to the States in their implementation of the legislative provisions; and research relating to worker profiling and the provision of reemployment services” (title page).
“A Worker Profiling and Reemployment Services System…is an early intervention approach for providing dislocated workers with reemployment services to help speed their return to productive employment. It consists of two components: a profiling mechanism and a set of reemployment services” (p.3). Profiling is “used to identify unemployment insurance (UI) claimants who are likely to exhaust their UI benefits and will need re-employment services…” (p.3). “Experienced unemployed workers receive UI benefits and are required to search for work until they can return to jobs similar to those they previously had” (p.3). However, competition and evolving technology have created millions of dislocated workers who will likely never again be employed in the jobs in which they previously worked.
Legislation “enacted on March 4, 1993, called for the Secretary of Labor to establish a worker profiling program” that was optional for states (p.5). This legislation was superseded by new legislation enacted on November 24, 1993 “which require[d] the State Agency charged with administration of the State unemployment compensation law to establish and utilize a system of profiling all new claimants for regular compensation” (p.5).
The remainder of the report contains information about interpreting the legislation and guidance on implementing worker profiling programs.
Full publication title: The Worker Profiling and Reemployment Services System: Legislation, Implementation Process and Research Findings
(Abstractor: Author and Website Staff)
Major Findings & Recommendations
The Department of Labor (DOL) developed a model that “is relatively simple, yet provides a more comprehensive look at the individual’s needs compared to earlier profiling attempts….[The] model…allows States to easily adjust the size of the population that is selected for referral to re-employment services….[The] model can be customized by each State” (p.10).
Guidance provided in the report “recommends that States use seven factors in developing their own work profiling mechanisms” (p.8). The recommended variables include the following measures: recall status, union hiring hall agreement, education, job tenure, change in employment in previous industry and occupation, and local unemployment rate (p.9).
The report recommends using a statistical model approach, rather than characteristic screening (p.9). The model developed by DOL produces “a predicted probability of benefit exhaustion for each claimant…. This profiling model produces a list of individuals ranked, from highest to lowest, based on their probability of exhausting UI benefits. Claimants on this list can be referred to reemployment services” (p.10).
The report then outlines a suggested Profiling and Re-employment Services process:
•“An individual files a new claim for unemployment benefits at a UI local office or through rapid response. Data elements needed for profiling…are collected from claimants…and entered into a computer database that will be used to profile claimants….
•The first UI payment triggers the profile….
•Claimants are ranked, highest to lowest, in order of their probability of exhausting benefits.
•The UI agency and service provider jointly determine the number of profiled UI claimants to be selected and referred.…
•The UI agency notifies selected claimants that they have been identified as likely dislocated workers and will be referred to reemployment services….
•The service provider conducts an assessment and, in consultation with the claimant, develops an individual Service Plan….
•The claimant participates in reemployment services based upon the Service Plan and continues to submit weekly certifications to UI attesting to her/his continued participation for receipt of benefits.
•The service provider notifies the UI agency upon claimant completion or termination of participation in reemployment services based upon the Service Plan” (p.12-13).
(Abstractor: Author and Website Staff)