Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) Employment and Training (E&T) Best Practices Study…
Author(s): Kogan, Deborah; Paprocki, Anne; and Diaz, Hannah.
Organizational Author(s): Social Policy Research Associates
U.S. Department of Agriculture
Resource Availability: Publicly available
Presents findings from a systematic literature review of Supplemental Nutrition and Assistance Program employment and training strategies, and other similar Federal, state, and private programs.
The authors systematically examined 160 research studies and papers regarding the Supplemental Nutrition and Assistance Program Employment and Training program (SNAP E&T) and other public workforce development programs “to review the existing research literature to identify employment and training program components and practices that (1) effectively assist members of households participating in…[SNAP E&T]…to obtain regular employment and (2) are best integrated with State workforce development systems. Because the literature specific to the [SNAP E&T] program is limited, the scope of the review conducted under this project included research on the effectiveness of employment and training components offered to similar individuals by other Federal and State agencies and by the private philanthropic sector.
The objective of this project is to provide Congress, [the U.S. Department of Agriculture, Food and Nutrition Service], and individual States with information that can be used to shape the services provided by the SNAP E&T program and thereby improve the employability, self-sufficiency, and well-being of individuals receiving nutrition support from SNAP. To share the findings from this research review, [the authors] have created two resources: this Final Report, which summarizes findings from the research review and provides recommendations consistent with the evidence reported in the research reports, and an Annotated Bibliography, appended to this report, which contains information about the 160 research studies and papers selected as being most relevant to the study objectives” (p.ES-1).
(Abstractor: Author and Website Staff)Full publication title: Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP) Employment and Training (E&T) Best Practices Study: Final Report
Major Findings & Recommendations
Key findings from the literature include:
•“It is important to assess individual participants appropriately to ensure they are placed in components that fit their needs.
•There is no single service approach that is right for all workers” (p.IV-1).
o“Individuals with limited employment experience receive more benefit from education and training programs or a mix of services that includes education and training along with other services” rather than only job search services (p.IV-1).
o“Services focused on rapid employment may result in improved employment outcomes in the short run…[but] effects tend to fade over time” (p.IV-1).
o“Programs focused on education and training have a long-term positive effect on employment outcomes, and this effect tends to be lasting” (p.IV-1).
•“Post-secondary education…is a critical determinant of differences in workers’ lifetime earnings and incomes”(p.IV-1).
•“Stand-alone basic skills training seems to provide a limited payoff in the labor market. However, bridge programs and flexible models that integrate basic and occupational skills training have demonstrated positive results in increasing basic skills and…offer promise for improving educational attainment and employment outcomes for individuals with limited…skills.
•Sectoral strategies…appear to be effective in increasing employment and earnings. These strategies are most effective when they engage employers, which helps align training with employer needs and increases the opportunities for work-based training. The more closely the training is related to real jobs or occupations, the better are the results for training participants.
•Lower-skilled individuals and those with multiple barriers to employment appear to benefit from coordinated strategies across systems and flexible, innovative training strategies that integrate the education, training, and support services” (p.IV-2).
“These findings suggest that SNAP recipients will benefit most from SNAP E&T-funded services if the services offered by State programs
•are based on assessments of the workforce-related strengths and weaknesses of SNAP clients;
•comprehensively address individuals’ needs for skills training, basic skills education, and overcoming barriers to employment;
•help participants earn credentials valued by employers in their chosen industry or sector; and
•develop skills that are closely linked to labor market demands in the local area” (p.IV-2).
(Abstractor: Author and Website Staff)