“Because the social, economic, political, historical, and racial context that shapes the criminal justice system is both complex and extensive, individuals who have been incarcerated face limited opportunities—particularly for education and training—both during and after incarceration….Research has shown, however, that correctional education and training can significantly improve the outcomes of those returning to society. These positive outcomes are leading to increased federal and state momentum to improve postsecondary access for prisoners and are lifting this issue higher on reform agendas. Nonetheless, the education and training needs of prisoners are far more complex than what traditional postsecondary education…can meet, and linking those needs to training that articulates to post-release opportunities is essential for successful reentry. Building on the theme of continuity from incarceration to reentry, [a series of] briefs will highlight the continuous improvement stories of states that are moving toward this type of alignment. This brief will focus on Indiana” (p.2).
The need for a new approach
Like elsewhere, Indiana’s attention on criminal justice reform has stemmed from an exponentially growing prison population, which caused unsustainable overcrowding and increased demand on the state budget….Despite the increased spending on corrections and rehabilitation, nearly 40 percent of inmates released in 2008 were re-incarcerated within three years….In response, Indiana has made conscious efforts to reform its criminal justice system by expanding diversion practices and being more strategic about improving reentry outcomes, particularly by improving education and training opportunities.
Over 20,000 people are released from Indiana prisons each year, and they often face significant barriers in finding employment and/or accessing education and training opportunities that promote economic mobility. These barriers to employment and economic mobility have contributed to high rates of recidivism” (p.2-3).In this brief, the authors first describe how Indiana has reformed policy to reduce recidivism through improved education and training opportunities for inmates. The authors then discuss reform progress and describe how the state has leveraged federal support. The brief concludes with future goals and directions for strengthening reentry programs.
(Abstractor: Author and Website Staff)